How many promises did the Narendra Modi government keep?

Narendra Modi led ‘National Democratic Alliance’ swept a landmark victory in the 2014 General Election and formed the government. We tracked the progress of all the promises the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) made in their manifesto as their government completes the 5 year term in a few months.

Methodology

For this project, we have set three status categories to track the progress of the promises made in the 2014 manifesto.

Fulfilled: Those promises that have been achieved to the letter.

In Progress: Those promises where the Government has made some progress by adding new schemes, increasing funds, amending acts etc.

No Progress: Those promises where the Government hasn't made any progress. These include promises where the Government made proposals but were turned down by the Supreme court.

Our data team went through each promise manually to set its status. The process involved going through Parliament questions, official reports, and surveys to determine the progress. Each promise comes with an explanation of its status and links to sources of the information.

We pulled 393 promises form the 2014 manifesto but included 346 in our analyses. Some promises were repeated and some were too generic in nature to prove. To see a list of the remaining 47 promises and why we chose not to include them in our analysis click here.

To access the manifesto click here.

Production: Mahima Singh and Shadab Nazmi

Development: Abhishek Jairath and Juliette Carter

Design: Mahima Singh and Gagan Narhe

Illustrations: Puneet Barnala

Initiate the New Health Policy

Category: Health and Education Status: Fulfilled

The National Health Policy was set up in 2017. It aims at achieving universal health coverage and delivering quality health care services to all at an affordable cost.

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Study in detail India's nuclear doctrine, and revise and update it, to make it relevant to challenges of current times.

Category: Science and Defence Status: Fulfilled

The Government has been following India's three-stage nuclear power programme form the 1950's. India is currently working on stage two and preparing for stage three. The Government amended the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 in 2015 to enable Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) to form joint venture companies with Indian PSUs to meet the additional funding requirements to expand the nuclear power programme.

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Establish welfare measures for farmers above 60 years of age

Category: Agriculture Status: Fulfilled

In 2015 the Government launched the Atal Pension Yojana (APY), a pension scheme targeted at the unorganised sector. Ayushman Bharat- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) was launched in 2019 to provide financial protection to the poor, deprived rural families and identified occupational categories of urban workers. Other ongoing and new pension plans that include farmers are the Indira Gandhi Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY), Integrated Programme of Older Persons (IPOP), Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY) etc. In the Union Budget 2019, the Government announced the “Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KiSaN)” under which the financial benefit of Rs. 6000/- per year will be provided to all small and marginal Farmer families, irrespective of age.

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Implement a farm insurance scheme

Category: Agriculture Status: Fulfilled

In 2016, the Government introduced the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana to provide risk insurance to crops in areas of widespread calamities viz. drought, flood, pest and diseases, cyclone etc. Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (RWBCIS) is a weather index-based scheme launched in 2016 after revisiting the erstwhile Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS). The scheme provides insurance protection to farmers against adverse weather incidence, such as deficit and excess rainfall, high or low temperature, humidity etc.

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Bring Coastal States together on a common platform to discuss issues of Marine Policing

Category: Governance Status: Fulfilled

Meetings between the Home Ministers, Chief Secretaries and Directors General of Police (DGPs) of coastal states and Union Territories have been held from time to time to discuss issues affecting the coastal states which include coastal security and marine policing.

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Introduce and promote low water consuming irrigation techniques

Category: Agriculture Status: Fulfilled

In 2015, the government launched the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana with the aim of promoting water conservation techniques in irrigation. With slogans like ‘Har Khet ko pani’ and ‘More crop per drop',

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Increase public investment in agriculture and rural development

Category: Agriculture Status: Fulfilled

According to budget expenditure reports, public spending estimates on Agricultuer and Rural development in 2014 was Rs. 111056 Crore and it went upo to Rs. 170003 Crore in 2018

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Encourage and empower our youth for self-employment

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

Through various targeted programmes such as Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Prime Minister Mudra Yojna, Start-Up India, Stand Up India, Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) and National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) the Government is promoting self-employment. NULM was introduced by UPA government in 2013. Banks Have been setting up Rural Self Employment Training Institute [RSETI] to train youth and empower them to set up self-employment ventures by providing bank credit.

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Strategically develop high impact domains like Labour-intensive manufacturing and Tourism

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

The Government has initiated and continued many previous government schemes. Exports of products under labour-intensive sectors are supported through various schemes like the Focus Market Scheme, Market Linked Focus Product Scheme and Focus Product Scheme. During the mid-term review of Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20, the rates for Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) were enhanced by 2% for key labor intensive sectors . Ministry of Tourism has taken several initiatives for the development and promotion of tourism in the country. The Swadesh Darshan Scheme of 2015 developes theme-based tourist circuits, the Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive (PRASHAD) Scheme looks at the holistic development of identified pilgrimage destinations, the Adopt a Heritage Project focuses on the maintenance of tourist amenities at heritage sites/monuments and other tourist sites.

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Aim to gainfully employ rural poor in agriculture and allied activities

Category: Minorities Status: Fulfilled

The Government is continuing the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. in 2018, out of the 260 permissible works under the MGNREGS, 164 were related to agriculture and allied work. The percentage of expenditure on works related to agriculture & allied works was around 67% in 2017-18.

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Focus on development of energy infrastructure, human resource development and upgradation of technology.

Category: Environment and Energy Status: Fulfilled

In 2017 the Saubhagya Scheme was announced to provide .lectricy to every household in India. This includes setting up energy infrastructure. The Skill India Campaign was also launched in 2015 with the aim to train a creat a skilled human resource pool.

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Vocational schemes

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

The Skill India campaign was launched on 15 July 2015, which included the National Skill Development Mission and the new National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015. India's largest skill certification scheme, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) was launched on the same day and was later approved to run for a further four years (2016-2020).

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Bring on board all State governments in adopting GST

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

GST was passed in 2017.

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Special course in tourism

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

The Ministry of Tourism announced the launch of an MBA in Tourism in July 2015. The course was created in partnership with the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University in Amarkantak. A further certification programme for tourist facilitators was rolled out in November 2018.

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Develop waterways for transport

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

The Indian Parliament passed a bill in 2016 to convert 106 inland waterways to national waterways. Through the SagarMala programme, the government has identified opportunities for increasing water transport nationwide. The first of these waterways came into use in 2018.

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Provide tourist Rail including Pilgrimage Rail

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), a public sector undertaking of Ministry of Railways, operates various Tourist Trains for pilgrimage places all over the country these include pilgrimage trains. The Baristha Nagarika Tirtha Yatra Yojana, a pilgrimage plan for Senior citizens provides pilgrimage trains for the elderly. Indian Railways recently revamped the Buddhist Circuit Tourist Train that goes to sites associated with Buddhism.

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Set up trade facilitation to ensure easier customs clearances

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) has come into force In 2017 after India ratified it in 2016. The agreement sets out measures for effective co-operation between customs and other appropriate authorities on trade facilitation and customs compliance issues. The Central Board of Excise & Customs launched a Single window interface for facilitating Trade (SWIFT) in April 2016 to enable exporters to file a common electronic declaration. The two facilitation schemes namely Accredited Clients Programme (ACP) and Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) have been merged into a combined three-tier AEO Programme to further provide facilitation/ benefits to the exporters/ importers. 24X7 Customs clearance facility has been made available at 19 seaports and 17 Air Cargo Complexes. The Government reduced the number of documents regarding the export/import process. Customs Clearance Facilitation Committee (CCFC) was set up in 2015.

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Encourage Savings as an important driver of investment and growth

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Government has started and continued many schemes to boost household financial savings. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana launched in 2015 encourages parents to start saving funds for their daughters. The Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) of 2014 gives citizens easy access to financial services. Other initiatives involve, increasing the personal income tax exemption limit, increase in the limit of deduction under the Income Tax Act. Budget 2018-19 also announced certain measures to boost domestic savings which include, increase in an exemption of interest income for the senior citizens on deposits with banks, higher limit of deduction for the health insurance premium for senior citizens.

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Undertake Banking reforms to enhance ease and access, as well as accountability

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

In 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana scheme that aims to expand and make affordable the access to financial services such as bank accounts, remittances, credit, insurance, and pensions.In early 2018 the Government announced its latest bank recap and comprehensive reform plan that will focus on customer responsiveness, responsible banking among other things.

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Engage with foreign Governments to facilitate information sharing on black money

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

India entered into tax treaties with a number of countries in order to bolster information sharing for tax purposes with foreign Governments. Amendments were made to the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs) to increase transparency and to check black money. India has also entered into Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs), Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (Multilateral Convention), SAARC Multilateral Agreement. India has tax treaties with 139 countries/jurisdictions as on June 2016.

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Set up a task force to tackle black money

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

A task force was established in February 2017 to crack down on shell companies that are used to launder black money

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To initiate the process of tracking down and bringing back black money stashed in foreign banks and offshore accounts

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act came into effect in 2015. Since then many other schemes and acts like the Enactment of the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act have been put into place along with Task Forces and Investigative teams.

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Make the functioning of the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) more efficient and investor-friendly

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Government has abolished the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) in 2017 in order to make India a more attractive FDI destination and increase FDI inflows by providing greater ease of doing business.

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Invest in India's indigenous Thorium Technology Programme

Category: Science and Defence Status: Fulfilled

Monazite is the primary source of thorium in India. The resources of monazite based on data of Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration & Research, (AMD), is estimated to be 12.47 million tons. According to budget reports in 2012-2013 Rs,1.50 crores were spent on the operation and maintenance of the Thorium Plant in Trombay. No money has been spent on it since then. The Government, in December, 2016, has accorded in-principle approval for the Tarapur Maharashtra Site (TMS) for locating a 300 MW Advanced Heavy Water Reactor that is used for Thorium application. A total of Rs.292 Crore has been allotted for Research and Development programme on thorium based reactors

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Set up a strong regulatory framework for the non-banking financial companies(NBFCs) to protect the investors

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The RBI revised the already existing regulatory framework for NBFCs in 2014. The revisions have been put in place to ensure the strengthing of the NBFC sector and its stakeholders.

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Take steps to reduce NPAs in Banking sector

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Government has taken a number of steps to expedite and enable resolution of NPAs of PSBs. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) aims at resolving bankruptcy case in the banking sector which will lead to the reduction of nonperforming assets in the system. The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 was amended in 2017 to add provisions for handling cases related to stressed assets. The Government is also continuing the SARFAESI Act that provides methods of recovery of the NPAs.

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Set Up a robust IT network to implement GST

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Goods and Service Tax Act was passed in the Parliament and came into effect in 2017. Goods and Service Tax Network (GSTN) incorporated in 2013 is the technological backbone of the GST. It was developed by Infosys.

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Evolve a single ‘National Agriculture Market’

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Government set up the National Agriculture Market ( eNAM ) in 2016 as an online trading portal for farmers that networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.

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Set up a Price Stabilisation Fund

Category: Economy Status: Fulfilled

The Price Stabilization Fund (PSF) was set up in 2014 under the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Famers Welfare (DAC&FW) to help regulate the prices of agri-horticultural commodities

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Expand national solar power mission

Category: Environment and Energy Status: Fulfilled

The National Solar Mission was reviewed in 2015 and targets for increasing solar power capacity were set. Capacity reportedly doubled in the following year.

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Increase coal production

Category: Environment and Energy Status: Fulfilled

According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), India was the world's third-largest coal producer in 2016-17. Demand for and production of coal have both increased in subsequent years.

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Launch hydropower generation projects

Category: Environment and Energy Status: Fulfilled

The government has opened a number of hydro projects during the past four years.

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Special focus on developing skilled human resources to meet future demand

Category: Business and Industries Status: Fulfilled

The National Skill Development Mission was launched in 2015 to provide a strong institutional framework for the implementation of skill training across the country. The Skill India Campaign was also launched in 2015 with the aim to train people in different skills.

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Launch 'National Mission on Himalayas'

Category: Environment and Energy Status: Fulfilled

The National Mission on Himalayan Studies (NMHS), was launched by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in 2015

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Encourage Openness in the Government, involving all stakeholders in the decision-making processes

Category: Governance Status: Fulfilled

The Government has launched many portals where citizens can interact with the authorities to voice their concerns and participate in the decision-making process.

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